“Woman Shooting Cherry Blossoms” (2019) Yinka Shonibare CBE

“Background: An update on the degree to which patients with type 2 diabetes in Canada achieve treatment targets is needed to document progress and identify subgroups that need attention. We sought to estimate the frequency with which patients managed in primary care met treatment targets (i.e., HbA1c ≤ 7.0%, blood pressure < 130/80 mm Hg and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C] < 2.00 mmol/L), guideline-based use of statins and of angiotensin-convertingenzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), and the effects of patient age and sex.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 32 503 and 44 930 adults with diabetes in Canada on June 30, 2015, and 2020, respectively, using electronic medical record data from primary care practices across 5 provinces. We grouped achievement of diabetes targets by age and sex, and compared between groups using logistic regression with adjustment for cardiovascular comorbidities.

Results: In 2020, target HbA1c levels were achieved for 63.8% of women and 58.9% of men. Blood pressure and LDL-C targets were achieved for 45.6% and 45.8% of women, and for 43.1% and 59.4% of men, respectively. All 3 treatment targets were achieved for 13.3% of women and 16.5% of men. Overall, 45.3% and 54.0% of women and men, respectively, used statins; 46.5% of women used ACE inhibitors or ARBs, compared with 51.9% of men. With the exception of blood pressure and HbA1c levels among women, target achievement was lower among younger patients. Achievement of the LDL-C target, statin use and ACE inhibitor or ARB use were lower among women at any age. From 2015 to 2020, target achievement increased for HbA1c, remained consistent for LDL-C and declined for blood pressure; use of statins and of ACE inhibitors or ARBs also declined.”

Achievement of treatment targets among patients with type 2 diabetes in 2015 and 2020 in Canadian primary care via CMAJ.

Globes and Astronaut Helmets Form Heads of Figurative Sculptures by Artist Yinka Shonibare CBE via Colossal.

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